Bronchogenic Carcinoma (Lung Cancer)

Bronchogenic carcinoma is commonly known as lung cancer. Bronchogenic carcinoma is one of the most common types of cancer in the world. The ability of Bronchogenic carcinoma to deteriorate the body is very dangerous and deadly. Chain smokers are individuals who are prone to Bronchogenic carcinoma. Many people know Bronchogenic carcinoma or simply lung cancer, but most of them do not know that it might cause them sudden death. Most especially those individuals who do not have any knowledge about Bronchogenic carcinoma, they disregard all the things that might happen to them.

What is Bronchogenic Carcinoma?

Bronchogenic carcinoma is a malevolent neoplasm in someone’s lung that arises from the epithelium of the bronchioles or bronchus. Bronchogenic carcinoma is the most common type of cancer in men and the 6th most common type of cancer in women from different parts of the world. Bronchogenic carcinoma is the leading cause of mortality worldwide in both women and men. Bronchogenic carcinoma accounted for 20% of cancer deaths. There are two main types of Bronchogenic carcinoma or lung cancer: SCLC (Small Cell Lung carcinoma) and NSCLC (Non Small Cell Lung carcinoma). The most common symptoms of Bronchogenic carcinoma are coughing, shortness of breath and weight loss. The most frequent cause of Bronchogenic carcinoma is long term contact to smoke tobacco that causes 80%-90% of Bronchogenic carcinoma. Thus, non-smokers have a 10%-15% chance of having Bronchogenic carcinoma. Bronchogenic carcinoma may be seen through computerized tomography and chest radiography. The diagnosis of Bronchogenic carcinoma is confirmed by a biopsy that is usually performed through bronchoscopy. The treatment of Bronchogenic carcinoma depends on the stage, type of cancer and the overall health of a person.

Bronchogenic Carcinoma Signs and Symptoms

The symptoms of Bronchogenic carcinoma in the respiratory system are:

•             Bronchogenic carcinoma causes severe coughing.

•             Bronchogenic carcinoma causes blood coughing.

•             Shortness of breath is another symptom of Bronchogenic carcinoma.

•             Wheezing is also another sign of Bronchogenic carcinoma.

The symptoms of Bronchogenic carcinoma in the systematic system are:

•             In Bronchogenic carcinoma, fever is the common symptom.

•             Fatigue is another sign of Bronchogenic carcinoma.

•             Clubbing of the nails is one sign of Bronchogenic carcinoma.

The symptoms of Bronchogenic carcinoma due to local compress include:

•             Severe abdominal pains.

•             Sometimes, occurrence of bone pains.

•             The obstruction of superior vena cava.

•             Swallowing difficulty is also a sign.

If Bronchogenic carcinoma develops in the passage way of air, it can definitely obstruct the airflow that can cause difficulty in breathing. The obstruction might lead to the buildup of secretions at the rear of the blockage and can lead to pneumonia. Many of the symptoms of Bronchogenic carcinoma are not specific. Bronchogenic carcinoma has already spread throughout the other parts of the body before the time comes that they will seek medical assistance. The common parts wherein Bronchogenic carcinoma lies are in the brain, adrenal glands, bone, opposite lung, kidneys, pericardium and liver. Approximately, 10% of those who have Bronchogenic carcinoma have not experienced any symptoms before they are diagnosed with the condition. Bronchogenic carcinoma is incidentally found out by regular chest radiography.

Bronchogenic Carcinoma

Causes of Bronchogenic carcinoma

There are elements in the surroundings that might trigger the development of Bronchogenic carcinoma. The major cause of Bronchogenic carcinoma and sudden death is smoking. Smoking cigarette contributes to Bronchogenic carcinoma. Cigarette contains over sixty known carcinogens including radioisotopes from decayed radon sequence, benzopyrene and nitrosamine. The nicotine lowers the immune system’s reaction to growing cancerous cells in the exposed tissues. In non-smokers, passive smoking or inhalation of smoke coming from a smoker can lead to Bronchogenic carcinoma. Passive smoking is a lot dangerous than direct smoking. Radon gas is another cause of Bronchogenic carcinoma. Radon gas is an odorless and colorless gas that is produced by the crash of radioactive radium. Due to this breakdown, mutation occurs that leads to being cancerous. Another cause of Bronchogenic carcinoma is air pollution. Unlike smoking, air pollution is not that dangerous for a person to have lung cancer. Exhaust fumes and particulates can cause lung cancer, but the risk is just small. Genetic is also one of the causes of Bronchogenic carcinoma. Through the genes, a relative that has a history of having Bronchogenic carcinoma increases the likelihood of the inheritor to have Bronchogenic carcinoma.

What are the Bronchogenic carcinoma treatments? Treatment of Bronchogenic carcinoma does not only depend on the stage, but also on the cell type. Generally, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery are offered according to operability, stage, functional status and resectability.

Non Small Cell Carcinoma Treatment

  • - For an operable disease, surgery is the best solution.
  • - For an unresectable disease, neoadjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy are recommended.
  • - For an advanced disease, palliative chemotherapy combination is the best.

 

Small Cell Lung Carcinoma Treatment

  • - For a limited disease, chemoradiotherapy is advisable.
  • - For an extensive disease, palliative chemotherapy is the best.

 

Chest radiography is the best initial step on determining if a person has Bronchogenic carcinoma due to several symptoms seen. Through chest radiography, doctors can see the parts where Bronchogenic carcinoma evolved. Chest radiography can help you check and determine if you have Bronchogenic carcinoma.

Prevention is the best means of avoiding Bronchogenic carcinoma development. Although some countries banned domestic and industrial carcinogens, smoking tobacco is still widespread. In order to prevent the development of Bronchogenic carcinoma, banning of tobacco is the best solution. Banning of tobacco in the country can help young people in overcoming their craving for smoking.

In today’s generation, not only adults are engaging in tobacco smoking, but also youngsters. Due to the fact that youngster nowadays engage in tobacco smoking, it is important for them to learn the consequences of their actions. Prevention is better than cure.

Bronchogenic carcinoma, even if it is the most common reason of mortality in this era, can still be prevented. Self discipline and proper hygiene can help prevent the development of Bronchogenic carcinoma or lung cancer. More than that, this will also improve one’s health and overall well-being.